Coronavirus (COVID-19) Legislative update, Belarus

Law firm “REVERA” (Minsk, Belarus) hereby kindly provides you with the update on the legislative changes and measures connected with coronavirus situation in Belarus. 

The changes and measures are indicated in the table in the order of their adoption or publication starting from March 18, 2020.

Legal Act / News:

Resolution of the Ministry of health of the Republic of Belarus No. 9 of February 18, 2020 “About change of the resolution of the Ministry of health of the Republic of Belarus of June 15, 2012 No. 75

Infection caused by the COVID-19 coronavirus was defined as a public health hazard (that leads to special medical aid measures, as compulsory medical examination, hospitalization and treatment, etc.).


The list of hospital healthcare organizations for providing medical care to patients with COVID-I9 infection and persons belonging to level l and 2 contacts, and requirements to such organizations, has been approved.

It also defines measures to ensure the readiness of health organizations, taking into account the current epidemiological situation, as well as other organizational measures during the period of providing medical care to patients with COVID-19 infection and persons related to level 1 contacts.


12.03.2020 at a special meeting in the Council of Ministers, it was decided to restrict all cultural, sports and scientific events with international participation until April 6, 2020


The measures on the work against the spread of COVID-19 infection were presented:

The country has organized collection points of biomaterial (smear) for examination of a certain contingent of patients for coronavirus infection: at points while crossing the State border of the Republic of Belarus, in infectious hospitals, in individual clinics.

At border crossing points, material is collected from persons who (up to 14 days ago) arrived from countries that are epidemically affected by coronavirus infection (as for March 03,2020 — China, Iran, Italy, South Korea).

Persons who have had close contact with a patient with a confirmed case of coronavirus infection (the so-called “Level 1 contacts”) are isolated and undergo a laboratory examination at the place of isolation.


“Belpost” has temporarily suspended receiving mail to all countries except Russia and China due to the coronavirus.


Due to the decision of the EU countries, Belavia will change the departure date or make a refund to passengers who are banned from entering the European Union and who purchased tickets to EU countries with a flight period until April 16, 2020.


In connection with the order of the government of the Russian Federation of 16.03.2020 No. 635-R from 00:00 hours of 18.03.2020 to 00:00 hours of 01.05.2020, entry into the Russian Federation of foreign citizens and stateless persons is temporarily restricted. From 18.03.2020, trains of the Belarusian railway that run in border communication with the Russian Federation will follow the changed route to the last border station of the Republic of Belarus


In Belarus, changes will be made to the educational process of higher education institutions. Universities are recommended to replace lectures with workshops, consultations, or laboratories.

There will also be restrictions on holding scientific and cultural events at higher educational institutions of the country.


The EEC Council has decided to reset or reduce duties on certain medical products that are used for the prevention and control of the spread of coronavirus.


The Ministry of sports recommends cancelling sports events involving children and teenagers and international sports competitions on the territory of Belarus by April 6.


Постановление Совета Министров Республики Беларусь от 17 марта 2020 г. № 149

A temporary (till June 1, 2020) ban on the export of certain types of medical goods and equipment from Belarus, regardless of their country of origin, including when placed under customs procedures for export, temporary export, processing outside the customs territory and re-export has been established.


In addition to the existing mail routes of RUE Belpochta (Russia, China and Hong Kong), international mail is being resumed for recipients in the following countries: 

  • international expedited EMS mail is accepted to Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Finland, France, Hungary, great Britain, Germany, Israel, the Netherlands, Serbia, Sweden, Turkey, and the United States; 
  • written correspondence and parcels are accepted to Estonia, Finland, France, Hungary, great Britain, Kyrgyzstan, Serbia, the Netherlands, Latvia, Lithuania, Turkey and Sweden.


The Ministry of health has decided to open a charity account for such purposes as conducting sanitary and anti-epidemic measures and promoting public health activities in the framework of identifying and treating patients with COVID-19. The account is opened in the state institution "Republican center for medical response organization" for accumulation and further distribution of received funds, in accordance with the needs of specific health institutions, in agreement with the Ministry of health.

Постановление Совета Министров Республики Беларусь № 171 «О мерах по предотвращению завоза и распространения инфекции, вызванной коронавирусом COVID-19».

It is established that persons arriving in the Republic of Belarus from the countries that registered cases of infection COVID-19, within 14 calendar days from the date of arrival in the Republic of Belarus: must be in isolation at home; not subject to subsequent admission through the State border of the Republic of Belarus (before the expiry of the isolation) with a few exceptions (foreign diplomats, consuls, employees of international organizations and their representative offices, as well as members of their families; heads and members of official delegations; drivers when performing international road transport of goods; crew members of aircraft and other vessels; foreigners in transit through the territory of the Republic of Belarus to return to their place of residence).

Drivers performing transit road transport of goods through the territory of the Republic of Belarus must pass only on national highways where it is possible to stop (Park) for rest and food for drivers, refueling vehicles, according to the list established by this decree.

Such drivers must leave the territory of the Republic of Belarus by the shortest route no later than the day following the day of entry into its territory (with the exception of cases when failure to meet the specified deadline due to the accident (breakage) of the vehicle as well as unloading, reloading (transshipment) of goods, replacement vehicle, if required by the terms of the contract road transport and indicated in the transport documents)


In order to stabilize the situation related to the spread of the COVID-19 virus and the lack of personal protective equipment, the EEC Board decided on March 24, 2020 to introduce a temporary ban on the export of personal protective equipment, protective and disinfecting agents, medical products and materials from the customs territory of the Eurasian economic Union (EEU)

The list of items prohibited for export from the customs territory of the EEU includes cotton wool, gauze, bandages, masks, half-masks, masks-respirators, respirators, filters for personal respiratory protection, protective glasses, disinfectants, shoe covers, certain types of clothing and accessories, gloves.

The new measure will be valid until September 30, 2020.


Goods imported to prevent the spread of coronavirus infection on the territory of the Eurasian economic Union are exempt from import customs duties.

The solution applies primarily to personal protective equipment, disinfectants, diagnostic reagents, and certain types of medical equipment and materials.


The Ministry of health of the Republic of Belarus informs about the list of countries where cases of COVID-19 infection are registered.

Persons who arrived in the Republic of Belarus from these countries must remain in self-isolation at home within 14 calendar days from the date of arrival in the Republic of Belarus and are not subject to subsequent passage through the State border of the Republic of Belarus (until the expiration of the period of self-isolation).


Vitebsk city Executive Committee approved a plan of additional measures to prevent and reduce the spread of SARS, including those caused by COVID-19.